Average MLB Pitcher Height and List of Tallest-Shortest Pitchers in Baseball
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Average MLB Pitcher Height and List of Tallest-Shortest Pitchers in Baseball

Average MLB Pitcher Height and List of Tallest-Shortest Pitchers in Baseball


As baseball lovers, fans, and baseball enthusiasts, we often find ourselves fascinated with the various factors that contribute to a pitcher’s success on the mound. One such factor that has always intrigued us is the height of MLB pitchers. In this blog post, we will explore the average height of MLB pitchers over time, delve into the history of the tallest and shortest pitchers in baseball, analyze the impact of height on pitching performance, and discuss whether height truly determines a pitcher’s success.

Historical Perspective

In the early years of baseball, pitchers came in all shapes and sizes. However, it was generally believed that taller pitchers had an advantage due to the perceived ability to generate more velocity and a higher release point. One notable tall pitcher from this era was Eddie Gaedel, the shortest player in MLB history, measuring in at just 3 feet 7 inches. Gaedel’s appearance was more of a gimmick, and he only had one plate appearance.

Over time, the perception of ideal pitcher height shifted. The belief that tall pitchers were inherently better started to give way to a more comprehensive understanding of the importance of skill, mechanics, and strategy. Height alone was no longer considered the sole determining factor for success.

The Tallest MLB Pitchers

While height may not be the only indicator of pitching success, it is still intriguing to look at some of the tallest pitchers in the history of Major League Baseball. Here are the top 5 tallest pitchers and their notable achievements:

1. Randy Johnson – 6 feet 10 inches: Known as “The Big Unit,” Johnson was a dominant left-handed pitcher who won five Cy Young Awards and recorded over 300 career victories. His height contributed to his ability to generate incredible velocity and intimidate hitters with his imposing presence.

2. Chris Young – 6 feet 10 inches: Young was known for his exceptional control and deceptive pitching style. Despite battling injuries throughout his career, he had a successful run with the San Diego Padres and Kansas City Royals, earning an All-Star selection in 2007.

3. Jon Rauch – 6 feet 11 inches: Rauch was a towering presence on the mound who utilized his height to his advantage. He had a long career as a relief pitcher, appearing for numerous teams and amassing over 600 innings pitched.

4. Andrew Cashner – 6 feet 6 inches: Cashner may not be the tallest on this list, but his height certainly adds to his commanding presence on the mound. He was known for his fastball and had several successful seasons with the San Diego Padres and Texas Rangers.

5. CC Sabathia – 6 feet 6 inches: Sabathia, one of the most successful left-handed pitchers in recent memory, had a storied career that included a World Series championship and a Cy Young Award. His height helped him generate power and allowed him to control the strike zone effectively.

The Shortest MLB Pitchers

While taller pitchers may garner more attention, there have been several successful pitchers who have defied the traditional height norms. Here are the top 5 shortest pitchers to make their mark in MLB:

1. Eddie Gaedel – 3 feet 7 inches: As mentioned earlier, Gaedel holds the distinction of being the shortest player in MLB history. His appearance was more of a novelty, but he forever made his mark in baseball folklore.

2. Louis Santop – 5 feet 5 inches: Santop was a catcher, but he occasionally took the mound as a pitcher. Despite his height, he showcased his skills as a versatile player and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2016.

3. Roy Face – 5 feet 8 inches: Face, a right-handed relief pitcher, had an exceptional career as a closer for the Pittsburgh Pirates. He was renowned for his impeccable control and ability to induce ground balls.

4. Bob Caruthers – 5 feet 7 inches: Caruthers was a star pitcher in the late 19th century. His stature didn’t prevent him from excelling on the mound, as he recorded over 200 wins during his career.

5. Marcus Stroman – 5 feet 7 inches: Stroman is a current pitcher who has proven that size doesn’t define success. Despite his shorter height, he has showcased his skills as an elite pitcher, earning an All-Star selection and winning a Gold Medal with the United States national team in the World Baseball Classic.

Current Trends

In recent years, the average height of MLB pitchers has largely remained consistent. There hasn’t been a significant shift towards taller or shorter pitchers, indicating that teams value various other factors in addition to height when evaluating pitching talent.

However, it is worth noting that pitchers with above-average heights are still highly sought after. The ability to generate velocity and create a downward plane on pitches remains desirable, as it can lead to more ground balls and strikeouts.

Is Height a Deciding Factor for Success?

While height may provide certain advantages on the mound, it is not the sole determining factor for a pitcher’s success. Other crucial factors such as skill, mechanics, mental fortitude, and strategic acumen play significant roles in a pitcher’s overall performance.

There have been numerous successful pitchers throughout history who have defied the traditional height norms. For example, Pedro Martinez, who stands at 5 feet 11 inches, is considered one of the greatest pitchers of all time. Martinez relied on exceptional control, a devastating changeup, and impeccable pitch sequencing to dominate hitters.

Another example is Tim Lincecum, who stands at 5 feet 11 inches. Lincecum’s unconventional mechanics and exceptional command of his pitches allowed him to win two Cy Young Awards and become a key pitcher for the San Francisco Giants during their World Series victories.

Height vs. Pitching Style

While height can play a role in a pitcher’s performance, it is equally important to consider how different pitching styles may be more suitable for pitchers of certain heights. For example:

– Tall pitchers may have a greater advantage when it comes to generating velocity and throwing downhill. Their height allows them to release pitches at a higher point, making it more challenging for hitters to pick up the ball.

– Shorter pitchers, on the other hand, may rely more on deception, exceptional control, and changing speeds to keep hitters off balance. They often excel at changing eye levels and inducing weak contact.

There are pitchers who have found success regardless of their height by adapting their pitching repertoire and mechanics to suit their physical attributes. It is not uncommon to see pitchers with unconventional arm slots, unique deliveries, or varied pitch mixes finding success on the mound.


In conclusion, while height has historically played a role in the perception of pitcher success, it is not the be-all and end-all in determining a pitcher’s abilities. Throughout the history of baseball, we have seen pitchers of all heights excel on the mound, showcasing the importance of skill, mechanics, mental fortitude, and strategy.

While taller pitchers may have certain advantages in terms of generating velocity and creating angles, shorter pitchers often rely on deception and exceptional control to outwit hitters. Ultimately, it is the combination of these factors, along with a pitcher’s dedication, passion, and love for the game, that truly determines their success.

As baseball lovers, fans, and baseball enthusiasts, we should appreciate the diversity in pitcher height and celebrate the talents and achievements of pitchers, regardless of their stature. After all, it is the love for the game and the thrill of competition that unites us all.

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